What Is The Difference Between Text And Varchar?

What is varchar in MySQL?

MySQL VARCHAR is the variable-length string whose length can be up to 65,535.

MySQL stores a VARCHAR value as a 1-byte or 2-byte length prefix plus actual data.

It means that the total length of all columns should be less than 65,535 bytes..

Why is 255 the largest number used?

This is the maximum value representable by an eight-digit binary number, and therefore the maximum representable by an unsigned 8-bit byte (the most common size of byte, also called an octet), the smallest common variable size used in high level programming languages (bit being smaller, but rarely used for value …

Is varchar alphanumeric?

The CHAR and VARCHAR2 datatypes store alphanumeric data. Character data is stored in strings, with byte values corresponding to the character encoding scheme (generally called a character set or code page).

What is data type in MySQL?

1. A data type specifies a particular type of data, such as integer, floating-point, Boolean etc. 2. A data type also specifies the possible values for that type, the operations that can be performed on that type and the way the values of that type are stored. MySQL data types.

What is char and varchar data type?

CHAR is fixed length and VARCHAR is variable length. CHAR always uses the same amount of storage space per entry, while VARCHAR only uses the amount necessary to store the actual text. … Because char is a fixed-length data type, the storage size of the char value is equal to the maximum size for this column.

Should I use text or varchar?

Use VARCHAR when you have a variable number of characters for every entry. If you need more storage than VARCHAR can provide, CLOB with UTF-8 encoding or equivalent standard type. NEVER use TEXT as it is non-standard.

Is varchar faster than text?

Some Differences Between VARCHAR and TEXT TEXT fields have a fixed max size of 65,535 characters. … VARCHAR is stored inline with the table (at least for the MyISAM storage engine), making it potentially faster when the size is reasonable. Of course, how much faster depends on both your data and your hardware.

What does varchar 10 mean?

The reason you use a varchar is exactly why it’s named varchar . It allows you to store variable-sized data elements. Typically, char(10) gives you ten characters, no matter what, padding it with spaces if you insert something shorter.

What does varchar 20 mean?

The data type of varchar is Variable-length with non-Unicode character data. The storage size is the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. • For varchar (20): The max storage size is: 20*1 byte +2 bytes=22 bytes; •

What is varchar type?

A varchar or Variable Character Field is a set of character data of indeterminate length. The term varchar refers to a data type of a field (or column) in a Database Management System which can hold letters and numbers.

What is the difference between varchar and string?

The short answer is: VARCHAR is variable length, while CHAR is fixed length. CHAR is a fixed length string data type, so any remaining space in the field is padded with blanks. … VARCHAR is a variable length string data type, so it holds only the characters you assign to it.

Why do we use varchar?

VARCHAR Datatype: It is a datatype in SQL which is used to store character string of variable length but maximum of set length specified. If the length of string is less than set or fixed length then it will store as it is without padded with extra blank spaces.

What is blob MySQL?

A BLOB is a binary large object that can hold a variable amount of data. The four BLOB types are TINYBLOB , BLOB , MEDIUMBLOB , and LONGBLOB . These differ only in the maximum length of the values they can hold.

What does varchar mean in SQL?

Variable CharacterAs the name suggests, varchar means character data that is varying. Also known as Variable Character, it is an indeterminate length string data type. It can hold numbers, letters and special characters. … SQL varchar usually holds 1 byte per character and 2 more bytes for the length information.

What does varchar 50 mean?

Varchar(50) stores a maximum of 50 characters. Varchar(max) stores a maximum of 2,147,483,647 characters. But, varchar(50) keeps the 50 character space even if you don’t store 50 characters. but varchar(max) is flexible to any size.

When would you use a BLOB data type?

The term “blob” actually stands for “Binary Large Object” and is used for storing information in databases. A blob is a data type that can store binary data. … Because blobs are used to store objects such as images, audio files, and video clips, they often require significantly more space than other data types.

What is a varchar value?

Values in VARCHAR columns are variable-length strings. The length can be specified as a value from 0 to 65,535. The effective maximum length of a VARCHAR is subject to the maximum row size (65,535 bytes, which is shared among all columns) and the character set used.

Why is varchar 255?

255 is used because it’s the largest number of characters that can be counted with an 8-bit number. … When used this way, VarChar only uses the number of bytes + 1 to store your text, so you might as well set it to 255, unless you want a hard limit (like 50) on the number of characters in the field.