Quick Answer: Which Is The Largest Excretory Organ Of The Body?

Which organ removes waste from the blood?

KidneysThe kidneys do a lot, but their most important job is to take waste out of the blood and make urine (pee).

The urinary tract takes this waste out of the body when a person pees..

How is urine produced?

The nephrons of the kidneys process blood and create urine through a process of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion. Urine is about 95% water and 5% waste products. Nitrogenous wastes excreted in urine include urea, creatinine, ammonia, and uric acid.

Where do you feel liver pain?

Most people feel it as a dull, throbbing sensation in the upper right abdomen. Liver pain can also feel like a stabbing sensation that takes your breath away. Sometimes this pain is accompanied by swelling, and occasionally people feel radiating liver pain in their back or in their right shoulder blade.

Is large intestine an excretory organ?

The main excretory function of the large intestine is to eliminate solid waste that remains after food is digested and water is extracted from the indigestible matter. The large intestine also collects and excretes wastes from throughout the body, including bilirubin in bile.

Why is human excretion necessary?

Excretion is a process by which metabolic waste is eliminated from an organism. … Accumulation of these wastes beyond a level inside the body is harmful to the body. The excretory organs remove these wastes. This process of removal of metabolic waste from the body is known as excretion.

Which organ in the human body is responsible for removing carbon dioxide from the body?

lungsThe lungs are responsible for the removal of gaseous waste from the body. Carbon dioxide is a toxic byproduct of cellular respiration. The lungs remove carbon dioxide from the bloodstream during ventilation, exchanging it for oxygen.

What is human excretion?

Excretion is the process of removal of toxic wastes from the body of an organism. The major wastes produced by us are: Carbon dioxide and Urea. Carbon dioxide is produced by the process of respiration and urea is produced by the decomposition of unused proteins in the liver.

Is kidney stones a disease?

Kidney stone disease, also known as nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) develops in the urinary tract. Kidney stones typically form in the kidney and leave the body in the urine stream.

What is the main function of kidney in human body?

Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. The production of urine involves highly complex steps of excretion and re-absorption.

What is the first sign of kidney problems?

Signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure may include: Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal. Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet. Shortness of breath.

Why do kidneys fail?

Kidneys can become damaged from a physical injury or a disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, or other disorders. High blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of kidney failure. Kidney failure does not happen overnight. It is the end result of a gradual loss of kidney function.

What are common diseases of the urinary system?

The BladderBladder Cancer.Bladder Diseases.Interstitial Cystitis.Kidney Stones.Ostomy.Overactive Bladder.Urinalysis.Urinary Incontinence.More items…•

What happens if excretory system fails?

If the kidneys are unable to filter wastes from the blood, the wastes build up in the body. Kidney failure can be caused by an accident that injures the kidneys, the loss of a lot of blood, or by some drugs and poisons. Kidney failure may lead to permanent loss of kidney function.

Can you live without kidneys?

Technically, people can live with no kidneys, but require dialysis. Spleen: The spleen filters blood and helps the body fight infections, but it’s not essential for survival. The spleen can be removed if, for instance, it’s damaged. However, people without a spleen are more prone to infections.

How do humans excrete waste?

Waste is filtered from the blood and collected as urine in each kidney. Urine leaves the kidneys by ureters, and collects in the bladder. The bladder can distend to store urine that eventually leaves through the urethra. Human excretory system and the details of the kidney.

Can you live without a liver?

The liver performs essential, life-sustaining functions. While you can’t live without a liver completely, you can live with only part of one. Many people can function well with just under half of their liver. Your liver can also grow back to full size within a matter of months.

Can your liver hurt?

Liver pain is felt in the upper right area of the abdomen, just below the ribs. Usually, it is a dull, vague pain though it can sometimes be quite severe and may cause a backache. Sometimes people perceive it as pain in the right shoulder.

Which is the main excretory organ?

The Excretory system is responsible for the elimination of wastes produced by homeostasis. There are several parts of the body that are involved in this process, such as sweat glands, the liver, the lungs and the kidney system. Every human has two kidneys.

What are the organs of excretion?

It is one of the major ways the body maintains homeostasis. Although the kidneys are the main organs of excretion, several other organs also excrete wastes. They include the large intestine, liver, skin, and lungs. All of these organs of excretion, along with the kidneys, make up the excretory system.

How liver is an excretory organ?

When the liver has broken down harmful substances, its by-products are excreted into the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and leave the body in the form of feces. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys, and leave the body in the form of urine.

How do kidneys function?

Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.