How do you test for psittacosis in humans?
Blood and sputum cultures can reveal whether you have the type of bacteria that causes this infection.
A chest X-ray can show the pneumonia that is sometimes caused by the disease.
Your doctor will order an antibody titer test to see if you have antibodies to the bacteria that causes parrot fever..
Is psittacosis a virus?
Chlamydia psittaci is a type of bacteria that often infects birds. Less commonly, these bacteria can infect people and cause a disease called psittacosis. Psittacosis can cause mild illness or pneumonia (lung infection).
How is psittacosis transmitted?
The most common way someone gets infected is by breathing in the dust from these dried secretions. Less commonly, birds infect people through bites and beak-to-mouth contact. In general, people do not spread psittacosis to other people. However, this is possible in rare cases.
How is psittacosis treated?
Antibiotic therapy is the primary treatment for individuals with psittacosis. Tetracycline and doxycycline are usually the first medications used. Most individuals respond within 24 to 72 hours. Erythromycin may be recommended for children or pregnant women.
What are the symptoms of psittacosis?
The most common symptoms include:Fever and chills.Headache.Muscle aches.Dry cough.
Where is Chlamydia psittaci found?
The bacterium C. psittaci has been isolated from approximately 100 bird species and is most commonly identified in psittacine birds such as parrots, macaws, cockatiels, and parakeets. Among caged, nonpsittacine birds, infection with C. psittaci occurs most frequently in pigeons, doves, and mynah birds.
How can psittacosis be prevented?
One important aspect of preventing psittacosis is to control infection among birds. Keep cages clean; clean cages and food and water bowls daily. Position cages so that food, feathers, and droppings cannot spread between them (i.e., do not stack cages, use solid-sided cases or barriers if cages are next to each other).
How common is psittacosis?
It is a rare disease in the U.S. with fewer than 10 cases reported per year since 2010. Because of modern laws that regulate the pet bird trade, psittacosis is less common than it used to be.
How long does human psittacosis last?
The course of the disease is variable and it can result in death. However, fatal cases are rare. In mild cases, fever may continue for three weeks or more.