How do filters reduce harmonics?
Harmonic filters reduce distortion by diverting harmonic currents in low-impedance paths.
Harmonic filters are capacitive at the fundamental frequency, so they are also used to produce the reactive power required by converters and for power factor correction..
How do I remove harmonics?
To attentuate harmonics, users can use passive filters, inductive reactors, phase-shifting transformers, active filters, or multi-pulse converter sections. Passive filters apply tuned series L-C circuits (circuits with inductance and capacitance) that attentuate specific harmonic frequencies.
What is harmonic filtration?
Harmonic filters come in many “shapes and sizes.” In general, harmonic filters are “shunt” filters because they are connected in parallel with the power system and provide low impedance paths to ground for currents at one or more harmonic frequencies.
How can VFD harmonic current be reduced?
The harmonic currents can also be reduced by increasing the size of the inductor in the ac input or dc bus. If the VFD is not fitted with any inductance then, depending on the supply impedance, the total harmonic current distortion could be of the order of 130% for a 415 V 50 Hz system.
Why do VFD cause harmonics?
The voltage harmonics generated by VFDs are due to the flat-topping effect caused by a weak ac source charging the dc bus capacitor without any intervening impedance. The distorted voltage waveform gives rise to voltage harmonics, which is of more importance than current harmonics.